Kutna Hora City
The town of Kutna Hora lies 43 miles east of Prague.
The historic town centre represents an architectural jewel of Europen
Together with the Cathedral of St. Barbara and the Church of our
Lady in Sedlec, the city was added to the UNESCO List of Word Cultural
The history of Kutna Hora is closely connected with silver mining.
Sometime around 1260, silver deposits were discovered on the territory
the Sedlec monastery. In the second half of the 13th century, the
settlement changed very quickly into a Royal Town, competing with
the capital city of Prague with its wealth in the fields of economics,
politics and culture. The town became one of medieval Europe´s
largest sources of silver.
In the mid -16th century, the Kutna Hora mining district experienced
a recession. The Osel mine, the world´s deepest at its time
(at 600 meters) was shut down. Attempts to restore intensive
mining activity were undertaken in the following centuries, but
success. In 1991, the last mine was closed down.
Nevertheless, architectural monuments, medieval streets with many
shops and galleries and a historic centre, with a peaceful atmosphere,
have been preserved. This, and the town´s eventful history
have, together, made the town an attraction drawing crowds of Czech
as foreign visitors.
The city Kutna Hora is about 70 minutes out of Prague. Our driver-guide will pick you up at the hotel in the time
according to your choice. These special tour is arranged in a car or in Mercedes Vito, people carrier with special DVD equipment, for
a group of 7 persons maximum. Price are set for whole groups regardless of the number of people. During this half-day tour, you will see
films and get a general idea about the city Kutna Hora and the Czech Republic. Our driver-guide will be accompanying you whole trip.
Your tour will start in front of the St. Barbara Cathedral, where you will explore interior and will be walking around the Jesuit College.
From the terrace in front of College is a beautiful view of the city and St. James Church. You are continuing by narrow streets to the city centre.
You will also have a chance admire historical centre full of beautiful Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque buildings protected by UNESCO. Maybe you will stop in Hradek Castle
or Italian Court on the way. There are sights like the Stone fountain, the Plague Column and Stone House in the city centre.
Your driver-guide is going to pick you up in the centre and drive you out to unique place the Ossuary in Sedlec. There is the church (chapel) which is
decorated with more than 40 000 human bones arranged into a chandelier, the Schwarzenberg Coat-of-Arms and so on. After the excursion you will
be taken to Prague by our car or minivan.
Italian Court (Vlasský Dvur)
According to historic documents, Italian Court was established
at the end of the 13th century. For centuries to follow, Italian
Court was the centre of the state´s economic power. There
was a royal mint and it was the seat of the sovereign during
his stays in the town.
St. Barbara Church
(Chram sv. Barbory)
The church was concecrated to St. Barbora, the miner´s
patron saint. Founded in 1388, most of the construction was
financed by miners themselves. The first architect was probably
Johann Parler, son of Peter Parler, but studies say that Peter
Parler had participated at least as a co-author of the draft
design. The construction of the church was interrupted several
times and more than 500 years passed between the beginning
and the definitive completion of the project. The architecture
of St. Barbara ´s is a textbook example of the development
of Gothic architecture in Bohemia.
Small Castle (Hrádek)
Its first reference dates from 1312, when it was rebuilt
as a residence for royal officers. In 1490, Hradek was purchased
by Jan Smísek, a royal officier. Under Smisek, a silver
smelting workshop operated there. Now, there is a mining
museum, which is a major tourist attraction.
Stone House (Kamenny dum)
The Stone House is the finest Late Gothic house in the entire
territory of Bohemia. The house was built in pre-Hussite
times and, after the Hussite revolt, was owned by wealthy
butchers. It was rebuilt several times and its present appearance
is from the end of 15th century. At the present time it is
used as a museum.
Stone fountain (Kamenna kasna)
Due to the intensive mining activity, for many years the town
had problems supplying drinking water. Water was brought to
the town from its surroundings by a system of wooden piping,
several kilometres long. M. Rejsek, one of the builders of
St. Barbara´s (or someone from his workshop) built a
richly decorated twelve-sided stone structure. The stone fountain,
very tastefully placed in the square, is a fine example of
Late Gothic architecture.
The Ossuarry (Kostnice)
he Ossuarry is situated in the chapel, built in the late
14th century. The interior of the chapel is a curiosity, decorated
with human bones. In 1511, a half-blind monk arranged the bones
into fanciful shapes and sculptures. Its present condition
is from the time the Schwarzenberg family owned the Sedlec
monastery. The large chandelier, the cups, the cross, the monstrance
are all made of human bones. According to estimates, it took
the bones of 40,000 people to decorate the ossuary.